Subjunctive Mood


As we discussed in imperative moods post in the Russian language there are three moods:

One can form subjunctive sentences by adding the particle "бы" to the sentence. The particle has no particular place in the sentence it has to be in, the only rule is that it is separate from the main verb it affects. Additionally, verbs in subjunctive mood are always in the past tense.


не мог бы ты закрыть окно, пожалуйста?
Could you close the window, please

я бы закрыл, если бы мне не лень было встать
I would but I am too lazy to stand up